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    Dating english glass bottles

    Notes on embossing, labeling, and existing research Raised embossing and when present, single labeling on a Dating english glass bottles can frequently provide important details to refine the country manufacturing date range if information exists for the company that either Dating english glass bottles the bottle i. Men on embossing, labeling, and existing research Raised embossing and when present, paper labeling on a natural can frequently provide important details to refine the probable manufacturing date range if marketing exists for the company that either manufactured the bottle i. Stell Newman Newman A matchmaking may have mold seams but no embossing, but all embossed bottles were left and have mold seams even if they are not readily apparent. Stell Newman Newman A experience may have mold seams but no embossing, but all embossed bottles were said and have mold seams even if they are not readily apparent.

    The three questions found on this page below answer several basic questions about a given bottle. Answers to these questions will then direct a user to one of the two additional dating pages which are extensions of this key for the two major classes of bottles - mouth-blown bottles and Dating english glass bottles bottles. Read Who is daymond john hookup tayo by tj montero questions - and accompanying explanations and exceptions - very carefully as the correct answer is critical to moving properly through the "key. This page guides Sexy fuck in ireland user through the key for seven different type and age bottles with several being side-by-side comparisons of very similar bottles of different eras.

    This page also shows how other portions of this website can provide information pertinent to the bottle in question. See the About This Site page for more information about the author and contributors. For brevity, most of the specific references are not noted in the key's narratives. They are noted on the other website pages which expand on the information summarized in the key. If you know your bottle is machine-made click Machine-Made Bottles to move directly to that page. If you know your bottle is mouth-blown aka hand-made click Mouth-blown Bottles to move directly to that page. If unsure about what embossing or vertical side mold seams picture below are, click on Bottle Morphology to see this sub-page for a illustration and explanation of these and many other key bottle related physical features.

    Return back to this page by closing the Bottle Morphology page. Vertical side mold seam on the neck of a beer bottle ending well What does full hookup camping mean the finish, indicating that it was at least partially handmade - ca. YES - The bottle has embossing or visible vertical side mold seams somewhere on the body between the heel and the base of the finish or lip. A bottle may have Dating english glass bottles seams but no embossing, but all embossed bottles were molded and have mold seams even if they are not readily apparent.

    This bottle is either free-blown"dip" moldedor was produced in a "turn-mold" aka "paste-mold" where the side mold seam is erased during manufacturing. A "NO" answer is much less likely than "YES" for this question as a very large majority of bottles made during the 19th century and virtually all made during the first half of the 20th century were mold blown resulting in mold seams; see the note below. A low probability Dating english glass bottles possible "NO" alternative is that the user has an unembossed, molded bottle with no visible vertical side mold seams. This can be due to one or a combination of factors including post-molding hot glass "flow" masking Dating english glass bottles mold seams, fire polishing of the bottle body, or atypically good mold fitting precision.

    If necessary, look very closely at the bottle shoulder - the best location to see vertical side seams on mouth-blown and most machine-made bottles - in good light with a hand lens to see if there is at least some faint evidence of where the mold edges came together. Often the vertical side mold seams are evidenced by very faint changes in glass density in lines where one Dating english glass bottles expect mold seams to be. Dating Bottles with the Side Mold Seam "Myth" One Dating english glass bottles the longest running "myths" in the world of bottle dating is that the side mold seam can be read like a thermometer to determine the age of a bottle. The concept is that the higher the side mold Dating english glass bottles on the bottle the later it was made - at least in the era from the early to mid 19th century until the first few decades of the 20th century.

    Mold Seams of Bottles" chart Figure 9. Kendrick's explains in the text pages that It is true that the mold seams can be used like a thermometer to determine the approximate age of a bottle. The closer to the top of the bottle the seams extend, the more recent was the production of the bottle. The chart accompanying this statement notes that bottles made before have a side mold seam ending on the shoulder or low on the neck, between and the seam ends just below the finish, between and the seam ends within the finish just below the finish rim top lip surfaceand those made after have mold seams ending right at the top surface of the finish, i.

    Although there are examples of bottles having mold seams that fit these date ranges properly, the issue of dating bottles is vastly more complicated than the simple reading of side mold seams. If it were that simple much of this website would be unnecessary! For example, the process that produces a tooled finish frequently erases traces of the side mold seam an inch or more below the base of the finish whereas the typical applied finish has the seam ending higher - right at the base of the finish Lockhart et. The reason this is noted here is that the concept keeps popping up in the literature of bottle dating and identification ranging from Sellari's books Sellari For a broader discussion of this subject see Lockhart, et al.

    If unsure about what the lip, rim, or finish of a bottle is, check the Bottle Morphology sub-page. If you need more information on this diagnostic feature - including various images - click the following link: This is a "machine-made" bottle or jar and will also usually have a highly diagnostic horizontal mold seam just below the finish that circles the neck. The picture to the left shows both of these mold seams click to enlarge. If your bottle fits this description, click Machine-made Bottles to move to the related webpage which allows the user to pursue more information on bottles produced almost totally in the 20th century by some type of automatic or semi-automatic bottle machine.

    The vast majority of U. If your bottle has a ground rim or lip, more information can be found at the following link: Fire Polishing - Occasionally encountered machine-made bottles may have fire polished finish rims - a process which eradicated evidence of the neck-ring mold seam on the rim of the bottle. These bottles will not have the side mold seam proceeding from the upper finish side over and onto the rim itself. Ostensibly this was done to remove the mold seam "bump" that was sometimes left by earlier machines - an action which may have helped facilitate better sealing with crown caps, screw-thread caps, or similar closures which sealed on the rim of the finish. These bottles will, however, have the vertical side mold seam progressing all the way to the very top of the finish side, just not onto the rim.

    They will also have other machine-made characteristics as described on the Machine-made Bottles page. In the experience of the website author, these machine-made bottles are rarely encountered and likely a function of early machine-made wares to s that had less precise mold fitting and resulted in the need for fire polishing to enable proper closure. Milk Bottles - Many milk bottles made with press-and-blow machines from the very early s into at least the s resulted in vertical side mold seams that gradually fade out on the neck distinctly below the base of the finish. Click here for a picture of a typical s to s milk bottle. This exception to the side mold seam "rule" was caused by the specific workings of these machines which masked the upper portion of the side mold seam.

    Click on the image to the right to view both mold seam features pointed out on a press-and-blow machine manufactured milk bottle made by the Pacific Coast Glass Company San Francisco, CA. If your bottle is a milk bottle that fits this description, click Machine-made Bottles to move to the Machine-made bottles dating page for more possible dating refinement and to pursue more information. The image to the left is a close-up of the shoulder, neck and finish of a small Sheaffers ink bottle click to enlarge for more detail.

    The image shows the vertical side mold seam ending on the outside edge of the bead finish at a "ring" mold the upper portion of a parison or "blank" mold induced horizontal mold seam that encircles the extreme outer edge of the finish. The side mold seam does not extend onto the top surface of the finish, i. These features are pointed out - and much more readable - on the larger hyperlinked image; click to view. The image to the right is a close-up of a small, medium green, machine-made ink bottle. As above, click on the image to view a larger and much more readable version with the various features pointed out.

    This termination of the side mold seam within the finish short of the rim Sheaffers ink or actually short of the finish itself green ink on these bottles makes it appear upon casual glance that these are mouth-blown bottles having either an improved tooled finish Sheaffers or an applied finish green ink. There is also no neck ring mold seam immediately below the finish like found on most Owens machine produced bottles and on a majority of all machine-made bottles. Instead, there is one located near the base of the neck indicating that the neck ring mold portion of the parison mold produced the finish, neck, and a portion of the shoulder.

    This is also pointed out on the image above; click to enlarge. The earlier green glass ink bottle is also certainly machine-made, most likely on an early semi-automatic, blow-and-blow machine based on its crudeness and lack of a suction scar. It also has no neck ring mold seam immediately below the finish like found on most Owens machine produced bottles or on the majority of all machine-made bottles. Instead ,there is also one located near the base of the neck indicating that the neck ring mold portion of the parison mold produced the finish, neck, and a portion of the shoulder. Both these ink bottles also exhibit no sign of the concentric, horizontal finishing tool induced marks that would be present on a mouth-blown finish.

    These bottles are discussed in more detail in the ink bottle section of the Household Bottles non-food related typology page. If your bottle is an ink fitting the descriptions above, click Machine-made Bottles to move to the Machine-made bottles dating page for more possible dating refinement and to pursue more information. The concentric rings are not always as obvious as the picture shows click to enlarge and sometimes not visible, though if present it is a conclusive diagnostic feature. Turn-mold bottle body showing faint concentric rings.

    Bottledigging UK

    YES - This bottle was produced in a turn-mold which was also known in the glass industry as a paste-mold. All bottless bottles are round in cross section and unless stained, will usually have a polished looking sheen to the bottlees surface. Go to QUESTION 5 Dating english glass bottles a possible dating refinement based on the bottlds of Dating english glass bottles application, though some of the botltes features can be masked by the turn-mold production process. This bottle is probably free-blown or dip molded.

    These two manufacturing types can be bottlds to differentiate from each other, though free-blown bottles are almost Dating english glass bottles round or oval in cross-section and Datig lines that are not sharp i. Most free-blown bottle date prior to and can bottlez much older. Dip mold bottles usually date prior to but can also be much older back to early 18th century at least. A user may move to QUESTION 4 for one additional dating attribute based on pontil scars, though all these datable attributes free-blown, dip mold, and pontil scars overlap significantly. Click Mouth-blown Bottles to move to the portion of the Dating key for Mouth-blown bottles new webpage.

    Viewers are encouraged, for personal or classroom use, to download limited copies of posted material. No material may be copied for commercial purposes. Author reserves the right to update this information as appropriate. Blow-pipe or "open" type pontil scar. Even then the bottles discussed in depth are so primarily to illustrate the presented information and concepts. Hundreds of specific historic bottles are used as examples within the pages of this website to illustrate the concepts discussed; with luck you may find the specific bottle you have an interest in discussed though typically you will not. This website is intended for This website will help you determine what to look for when identifying and dating historic bottles.

    If you are attempting to estimate the approximate manufacturing date - or age - of a particular bottle or significant sized fragment the first page to visit would be the Bottle Dating page and its related sub-pages. These pages lead a user through a series of questions about the physical - or morphological - characteristics of historic bottles which help to narrow down the age of an item.

    This complex of pages is a major hub of the rest of this website and the best place to start a search. Also linked Daating the Dating page is a sub-page called Examples of Dating Historic Egnlish which tracks a few different bottles through a dating and Datin information quest to illustrate how the dating process and this website work. If you are interested in identifying what a bottle was likely used for - i. This very large complex of pages Dating english glass bottles bottle type specific sub-pages with glaws style based dating bottless, including complete scans Datinv 5 different glasz Dating english glass bottles century to bottle Live sex girls karanataka catalogs spanning the mouth-blown to machine-made bottle manufacturing era!

    Be bottoes that none of the pages are all inclusive since related information exists on one or many engllsh website pages. For example, there is information pertinent to dating a bottle on virtually every website page. The title of any given page gives the predominant theme of that page and would be the first place to start when pursuing information on that particular subject. However, the process of bottle identification and dating is quite complex with many exceptions; thus, the need for many web pages covering a lot of descriptive information. A listing or "map" of all the main subject pages and connected sub-pages found within this website is found at the following link Website Map.

    Use that page to get a feel for the structure of this website and to access any of the other web pages. It is suggested that if you only bookmark one page of this website for future reference, that it be the Website Map. That page also includes a summary of recent changes and additions to this website. When possible, the information on this website is given general reliability rating estimates e. Baffle Marks and Pontil Scars: A Reader on Historic Bottle Identification. This huge pagesrecently released work is one of the best "bottle books" there is for helping with the complicated subject of bottle identification.

    It also includes "Bottle Dating Worksheets" pages 51 to 55 by Rebecca Allen and this author to assist in the systematic dating of an historic bottle based on the information in that dating key as well as other information on the website. In part, this book fulfills this authors long time desire to have a hard copy "field guide" version of this website for use by archaeologists and others by having at least the dating portions available in printed form to take to the field. Beyond that the book includes more information about historic bottle identification typologybottle production, and more than can be summarized here.


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